Periodontal Disease is the disease of the gums. The gum tissues serve to surround and support the teeth and the underlying jawbone anchors teeth firmly in place. When they are diseased, it begins with a mild inflammation of the gums called gingivitis. This is caused by bacteria living in the plaque of surrounding teeth. But periodontal disease is progressive and they turn into red, swollen, painful, or bleeding gums, (although in some cases has no noticeable symptoms) and can even lead to the jaw bone, causing it to recede and loosen the tooth.
Periodontics deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease . Signs and symptoms of periodontitis or gum disease includes bleeding while eating or brushing, bad breath, loose teeth, gum recession, gangrene in the gums, and related health conditions that may indicate periodontitis, like heart disease, diabetes, osteopenia and osteoporosis.
Depending on the extent of the disease, the approach to treatment may vary from curing the bacterial infection, and scaling, to removing of plaque and tartar on the teeth.
There are common gum treatments like gum grafts, gum lifts, and pocket reduction surgery. If jaw bone is affected, sinus augmentation,ridge modification, and bone grafts can be done to treat it. More discussions can be made with the dentist to determine which treatment option is the best suited.